WEF has no answers for job losses
Klaus Schwab has blinkered view of robotics revolution and employment
The annual World Economic Forum (WEF) meeting in Davos, Switzerland, ended last week. And it failed to deal with the main theme it belatedly claimed to be this year’s focus: the “Fourth Industrial Revolution”. This is the name given to what was, in earlier years, called the integrated circuit or microchip revolution that spawned the exponential growth of automation, of robotics and the development of artificial intelligence.
What we did have was a comment by South Africa’s minister in the presidency, Jeff Radebe, that South Africa should lead this revolution in Africa. But he also admitted, almost as an aside, that this might result “in a loss of jobs”. Overall, the impression was that the future looked at least promising.
But this WEF meeting was, from all accounts, much more downbeat than previous gatherings that provided a glittering platform for movie and media celebrities to parade their hearts on their sleeves. Such froth was clearly seen as inappropriate at a time when even the most diehard market bulls concede that the economic crisis may be deepening. And, looming over it all is the “Fourth Revolution”. Not that any real attempt was made to properly analyse it, let alone provide any possible answers.
And the comments by Radebe were fully in line with the overall view, well expressed by Klaus Schwab, the billionaire founder and CEO of what is, in effect, the richest rich man’s club on earth. Before the latest WEF meeting began, Schwab wrote that this revolution “could yield greater inequality, particularly in its potential to disrupt labour markets. As automation substitutes for labour across the entire economy, the net displacement of workers by machines might exacerbate the gap between returns to capital and returns to labour.”
He was right. But he then went on to claim: “On the other hand, it is also possible that the displacement of workers by technology will, in aggregate, result in a net increase in safe and rewarding jobs.” He failed to add: “But only for the very few.”
This is because Schwab and his ilk have a decidedly blinkered view. It is summed up by his comment: “In the future, technological innovation will also lead to a supply-side miracle, with long-term gains in efficiency and productivity.”
In terms of long-term gains in efficiency and productivity, he is correct. However, within our present system, this has already led not to any miracle, but to gluts and to the obscene situation of over capacity and over production in a world where poverty is still the lot millions of men, women and children. It is a world where societies are starting to disintegrate under the economic and social pressures resulting from a political and economic system that is clearly incapable of dealing with the demands of the 21st Century.
But it is a system to which Schwab and his 999 fellow members of the WEF, along with other beneficiaries, are wed. So instead of dealing openly and honestly with the real consequences of this “Fourth Revolution” and proposing answers that would benefit humanity as a whole, the WEF avoided the underlying cause and concentrated instead on symptoms such as the pollution of the seas caused by plastic waste.
As a result, as this 46th annual talk shop ended, it brought to mind the aphorism: “There are none so blind as those who will not see.” And, perhaps more appropriately: “The most deluded people are those who choose to ignore what they already know.”
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